|Biotechnology is the use of biology and technology together to develop products that will help human beings. Applications of biotechnology are in various areas like in the food industry, diagnostics, waste management, energy production, various drugs, GMO etc. In this article, you will read about the various important applications of the biotechnology. Students enrolled in biotechnology subject can take online assignment help to get excellent readymade assignments in any topics of biotechnology.
Uses of biotechnology in the fisheries department
Biotechnology Applications in Agriculture
Green biotechnology is the term given to the use of biotechnology in the agricultural field. Biotechnology’s contribution in the field of agriculture is immense. Scientists and researchers have created organisms with genetic manipulation known as Genetically modified organisms. Examples of GMO are plants, animals, fungi, bacteria etc. They are formed by the introduction of new traits into the present DNA. Such manipulation help in making the organism better. GMO crops are more resistant to pest, and insects.
Example: Bt Cotton, Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacteria, it produces endotoxin, it is known as potential insecticidal. It paralyses the insect when the insect bites the plant and later dies off. Endotoxin gene is the reason for this effect. Scientists have introduced this gene into the genome or genetics of the cotton plant. This helps the plant by making it resistant to insects and pests.
Nematode is another example of GMO. Melodegyne incognitia is the reason which infects the tobacco plant. The yield of the plant thus reduced. To promote the yield, RNA interference is used. Scientists have discovered a RNA that will reduce the effects of mRNA which is responsiblefor causing deradation of the roots of the plants.
Biotechnology uses in the field of Medicine
Medicinal biology has been a great discovery helping patients all over the world. Scientists have developed genetically modified insulins called Humulin. With this revolutionary discovery of Humulin, diabetic patients are getting major relief globally.
Gene therapy is another technique developed with the help of biotechnology. In this technique, a genetic defect in the embryo is removed and normal genes introduced in the void space. This normal gene works upon the non-functional gene and prevents the disorder from developing in the human body.
Biotechnology uses in Diagnosis
Various techniques or methods like ELISA, used in the detection of life-threatening diseases such as AIDS. These techniques based on the reaction of antigen and antibody, the reaction further helps by detecting the diseases. PCR or polymeric chain reaction helps in amplifying DNA.
It enhances the growth control of diseases in fishes Metabolic engineering Genetic Characterization
Biotechnology helps in enhancing the number of fishes along with its quality. Fishes are induced with GnRH which helps in the following ways:
There are more uses of biotechnology in various fields. Above mentioned application of biotechnology are those which are used in higher frequency. Students who want to excel in biotechnology can take help from instant Assignment help. They will help you with assignment work and clear all your concepts.