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Source Market:United Kingdom

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Source Market United Kingdom
Reference Year 2011
Population 62.0 million
GDP one Year Development +2.8%
GDP per Capita 36,100 €
Travel Propensity total 77%
Holiday Travel Propensity 68%
No. of international Trips 55.9 million
Frequency of int. Trips 1.1 per year
Spending per int. Trip 1,029 €
Duration of int. Trips 8.1 days
Holiday share of int. Trips 73% of all trips
Main holiday reason 2011: NATURE 12% of population
Main holiday reason 2011: CULTURE 7% of population

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is an island nation located on the north-western coast of continental Europe. The UK comprises four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Contents

Country Profile

Icon Globe.png Geography/Population

  • Land area: 243,610 km² (country comparison to the world: 80)
  • Population: 62.0 million inhabitants (country comparison to the world: 22); 255 inhabitants/km²; white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%
  • Biggest Cities: London (8,615,000), Birmingham (2,296,000), Manchester (2,247,000), Glasgow (1,166,000), Leeds (799,000), Sheffield (556,000), Edindburgh (478,000), Liverpool (445,000), Bristol (440,000)
  • Urbanisation: 80% of the British population live in cities
  • Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%
  • Languages: English Note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall)
  • Age structure (Median age: 40.2 years):
0-14 years: 17.3%
15-64 years: 66.2%
65+ years: 16.5%
  • Population projection: Following the European trend there will be a population growth in the future (2025: 67.7 million inhabitants)

Source: CIA - The World Factbook 2012 [1], UN Population divison 2010 [2]


Icon Vote.png Politics

  • Government type: unitary parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
  • Chief of state: Queen ELISABETH II (since 1952)
  • Head of government: David CAMERON (since 2010)
  • Administration: England in 9 regions, 36 counties, 46 districts; Scotland in 32 disctricts; Wales in 22 districts; Northern Ireland in 26 districts

Source: CIA - The World Factbook 2012 [1]


Icon Money.png Economy

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* 2015*
GDP (PPP) in billion US$ 2,179.9 2,203.7 2,129.6 2,199.2 2,260.8 2,308.5 2,391.0 2,594.1
GDP development +6.5% +1.1% -3.4% +3.3% +2.8% 2.1% +3.6%
GDP per capita (PPP) in US$ 35,800 35,900 34,500 35,300 36,100 36,600 37,700 40,300
Inflation rate 2.3% 3.6% 2.1% 3.3% 4.5% 2.4% 2.0% 2.0%
Unemployment rate 5.4% 5.6% 7.5% 7.9% 8.0% 8.3% 8.2% 7.4%
*2012, 2013, 2015 data: estimates by IMF, April 2012
  • GDP-composition by sector: services: 77.8% industry: 21.4% agriculture: 0.7%
  • Most important economic sectors: Financial sector (banks, insurances), energy industry (large coal, gas and oil ressources), car industry), chemical and pharmaceutical industry, tourism. Industrial metropolises: Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool and Leeds
  • Import- and export: Most important partners are Germany, USA , Netherlands, France, Belgium-Luxemburg, Italy, China (Import), Norway (Export), Ireland (Export) and Spain (Export)
  • Currency: 1 British pound (GBP) = 100 Pence and 1 Euro = 0.88291 pound sterling (April 2011)
  • Income distribution: The British distibution of income is quite balanced (slightly below-average, position 28 worldwide)
  • HDI (Human Development Index): The UK is a „Very High Human Development“ Country (2011: country comparison in the world: 28)
  • Media access: 77% of British households with Internet access; 195 phones per 100 inhabitants; ICT Development Index (IDI), worldwide benchmarking of communication infrastructure: Rank 10
  • OECD Better Life Index: The United Kingdom performs very well in overall well-being, as shown by the fact that it ranks among the top countries in several topics in the Better Life Index. Click here to have a look at UK's Better Life profile.

Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database [3], CIA - The World Factbook 2012 [1], DZT United Kingdom 2012 [4], UNDP Human Development Report 2011 [5], OECD Factbook (2011-2012) [6], ITU International Telecommunication Union [7]


Tourism Demand

Icon Suitcase.png General

  • Travel propensity: 77% of the British travelled at least once in 2011, either for business or private purposes [EU27: 72%]. Note: travelling was defined as spending one night away from home, for private or business purposes.
  • "Private" travel propensity:
68% of the British had travelled – for private reasons – at least once in 2011
  • Travel frequency of the British travellers (private or business):
13% of them made exactly one trip in 2011
14% made two
12% made three
16% four to five
12% six to ten
10% more than ten trips

Source: Flash Eurobarometer 334 (2012) [8]


Icon Plane.png International travel

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Number of international trips of the British 59.3 million 61.5 million 62.5 million 64.1 million 66.1 million 58.4 million 55.9 million
  • Holiday/business/VFR: 73% of the 55.9 million international trips in 2010 were holiday, 15% business, 12% VFR (visiting friends and relatives)
  • Long/short holidays: 77% of the 41.0 million private trips abroad in 2010 were "long" holiday trips (4+ nights), 23% were "short" holiday trips (1-3 nights). The UK is (like Germany) one of the most important countries for outbound tourism.
  • Frequency of international travel: on average, every British (15+ years old) took 1.1 international trips in 2010
  • Regional source markets: 36% of international trips in 2010 originated from the region London and South East England, 22% from North England, 19% from the Midlands, 10% from South West England, 9% from Scotland and 1% from Northern Ireland
  • Destinations all international trips 2010:
1. Spain (21%; 11.3 million)
2. France (13%; 7.2 million)
3. Asia/Pacific Region (10%; 5.8 million)
4. USA (7%; 4.0 million)
5. Italy (5%; 2.8 million)
  • Destinations international holiday trips 2010 ("long" and "short" holidays):
1. Spain (24%; 9.8 million)
2. France (12%; 4.9 million)
3. Asia/Pacific Region (10%; 4.1 million)
4. USA (7%; 2.9 million)
  • Duration of international trips of the British 2010: 8.1 nights
International holiday trips: 8.6 nights
International VFR trips: 9.4 nights
International business trips: 4.9 nights
  • International travel spendings 2010: total 56.9 billion Euro - corresponding to 1,029 Euro per international trip and 125 Euro per night abroad. Note: including all costs of travel and transport at home and at the destination

Source: IPK International: World Travel Monitor 2010. In: DZT United Kingdom 2012 [4]


Icon Info.png Most important holiday information sources

  1. Recommendations of friends, colleagues or relatives 55% [EU27: 52%]
  2. Internet websites 39% [EU27: 40%]
  3. Personal experience 37% [EU27: 32%]
  4. Free catalogue, brochures 13% [EU27: 11%]
  5. Newspaper, radio, TV 5% [EU27: 7%]
  6. Travel/tourist agencies 10% [EU27: 16%]
  7. Paid for guidebooks and magazines 7% [EU27: 7%]
  8. Social media sites 4% [EU27: 5%]
  9. Other 1% [EU27: 2%]

Source: Flash Eurobarometer 334 (2012) [8]


Icon Umbrella.png Holiday travel behaviour 2011

  • Main motivation for going on holidays 2011
  1. Rest/recreation (including Wellness/health treatment) 45% [EU27: 48%]
  2. Spending time with your family 38% [EU27: 32%]
  3. Sun/beach 33% [EU27: 28%]
  4. Visiting friends/relatives 28% [EU27: 28%]
  5. Nature (mountain, lake, landscape etc…) 12% [EU27: 18%]
  6. City trip 11% [EU27: 16%]
  7. Sports-related (e.g. scuba-diving, cycling etc…) 8% [EU27: 10%]
  8. Culture/religion 7% [EU27: 14%]
  9. Other 4% [EU27: 3%]

  • Visited countries for a minimum of 4 nights (at least once in 2011)
  1. UK 46% [EU27: 3%]
  2. Spain 20% [EU27: 11%]
  3. France 12% [EU27: 8%]
  4. Italy 5% [EU27: 9%]
  5. Greece 5% [EU27: 4%]
  6. Portugal 5% [EU27: 2%]
  7. Germany 4% [EU27: 5%]

  • Methods of arrangement (at least once in 2011)
  1. The internet 68% [EU27: 53%]
  2. Over the phone 29% [EU27: 18%]
  3. Through a travel agency 28% [EU27: 23%]
  4. Through someone I know 21% [EU27: 22%]
  5. Over a counter of a transportation company (airline) 9% [EU27: 4%]
  6. On-site (place of holidays) 8% [EU27: 9%]
  7. Other 2% [EU27: 8%]

  • Type of holiday (at least once in 2011)
  1. Holidays where transport and accomodation are bought separately 55% [EU27: 49%]
  2. Package Tour (transport and accomodation are bought together) 25% [EU27: 23%]
  3. All inclusive holiday 29% [EU27: 27%]

  • Means of transport (at least once in 2011)
  1. Car 69% [EU27: 78%]
  2. Airplane 68% [EU27: 46%]
  3. Train 32% [EU27: 29%]
  4. Boat 19% [EU27: 14%]
  5. Bus 22% [EU27: 20%]

  • Accommodation (at least once in 2011)
  1. In paid accommodation (hotel, rented apartment/house etc…) 69% [EU27: 60%]
  2. At friends or relatives 34% [EU27: 34%]
  3. In own property/second home 15% [EU27: 19%]
  4. On a camping site 14% [EU27: 11%]
  5. In another type of location 12% [EU27: 11%]

Source: Flash Eurobarometer 334 (2012) [8]


Smiley.png Main holiday satisfaction 2011

The displayed figure is the mean of a scale with "1=very satisfied", "2=fairly satisfied", "3=not very satisfied" and "4=not at all satisfied":

- Quality of the accommodation: 1.45; total satisfaction (1+2) 94%
- Natural features (weather conditions, landscape etc.): 1.40; total satisfaction (1+2) 95%
- General level of prices: 1.78; total satisfaction (1+2) 91%
- Activities offered (variety and compehensiveness of the tourist offer): 2.033; total satisfaction (1+2) 82%
- How tourists are welcomed (e.g. child friendliness, customer care etc.): 1.65; total satisfaction (1+2) 89%

Source: Flash Eurobarometer 334 (2012) [8]


Return.jpg Returning factors

  1. The natural features (weather conditions, landscape) 48% [EU27: 50%]
  2. The quality of accomodation 48% [EU27: 32%]
  3. The general level of prices 33% [EU27: 27%]
  4. How tourists are welcomed (e.g. child friendliness) 28% [EU27: 24%]
  5. The activities offered 19% [EU27: 17%]
  6. Other 5% [EU27: 8%]

Source: Flash Eurobarometer 334 (2012) [8]


Strichmaennchen Gluehbirne.jpg Holiday plans 2012

  • Interest in countries in 2012
  1. UK 42% [EU27: 3%]
  2. Spain 18% [EU27: 10%]
  3. France 10% [EU27: 6%]
  4. Greece 6% [EU27: 4%]
  5. Italy 4% [EU27: 7%]

  • Types of holidays planned in 2012
  1. Holidays between 4 and 13 nights 55% [EU27: 41%]
  2. Short-stay trip (up to 3 nights) 43% [EU27: 27%]
  3. Holidays with more than 13 consecutives nights 26% [EU27: 19%]
  4. No decision yet 9% [EU27: 12%]
  5. No trip at all 10% [EU27: 15%]
  6. Don’t know 1% [EU27: 2%]

  • Influence of economic situation on holiday plans 2012
  1. It has not changed my planned holiday 45% [EU27: 40%]
  2. I will go on holiday but I will spend less 26% [EU27: 22%]
  3. I will not go on holidays 10% [EU27: 15%]
  4. I will go an holiday but for a shorter period 8% [EU27: 12%]
  5. I will go on holiday but I changed my destinations 7% [EU27: 4%]
  6. I didn’t plan my holiday for 2012 4% [EU27: 6%]
  7. I do not go on holidays 3% [EU27: 3%]
  8. Don’t know 3% [EU27: 3%]

Source: Flash Eurobarometer 334 (2012) [8]


Traffic links into the Baltic Sea Region

Icon Airport.png Air

The UK has plenty of airports, with six airports in London alone, all of which handle both domestic and international flights (e.g. to the Baltic Sea Region).

London Heathrow International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the world. It is a hub for Europe and has flights to hundreds of destinations operated by scores of carriers from all four corners of the globe.

Gatwick International Airport is located south of London and is the UK's second busiest airport.

Edinburgh International Airport is Scotland's chief airport that is located near the capital.

Cardiff International Airport is Wales' number one airport with flights to destination across Europe and the UK.

Please look up the airport links for their current connections into the BSR:

Icon Ferry.png Sea

There are no ferry-connections from the United Kingdom to the Baltic Sea Region.

Icon Rail.png Rail

Due to geographical reasons, there are no direct train connections from the UK to the Baltic Sea Region. But it is possible, to take the train to Amsterdam (with the Eurostar high speed train via the Channel tunnel or 'rail and sail' with the 'Dutch Flyer') and to pass on to Germany. For further information see Eurostar or Dutch Flyer.

Icon Road.png Road

Due to geographical reasons, there are no road-connections from the United Kingdom to the Baltic Sea Region.

For further information on roads in the United Kingdom see here.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 CIA - The World Factbook, August 2012 [1]
  2. UN Population division 2010 (Medium variant) [2]
  3. IMF (International Monetary Fund): World Economic Outlook Database, April 2012 [3]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Deutsche Zentrale für Tourismus: Marktinformationen United Kingdom 2012 [4]
  5. UNDP Human Development Report 2011 [5]
  6. OECD Factbook (2011-2012) Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics [6]
  7. ITU International Telecommunication Union, Measuring the Information Society 2011[7]
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 334, March 2012: Survey on the attitudes of Europeans towards tourism [8]