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Heritage Sites:National Parks

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Curonian Spit National Park (Lithuania & Russia), one of the national parks participating in BASTIS

BASTIS provides information on the following national parks within BSR (sorted by country, for a quick overview see the Benchmark Report):

  • Vilsandi National Park (Estonia): The national park is located in Saare County and includes the island of Vilsandi, 160 other islands and islets, parts of Western Saaremaa and the Harilaid peninsula.
  • Soomaa National Park (Estonia): The national park was established in 1993 to protect a pristine area of bogs and marshes, species-rich meadows and a variety of forests. According to the villagers, they have the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter, but also a fifth season of high water.
  • Rāzna National Park (Latvia): Latvia’s newest national park (2007) is in the “land of the blue lakes” – the region of Latgale. Lake Rāzna is the second largest in Latvia.
  • Curonian Spit National Park (Lithuania/Russia): The Curonian Spit is a 98 km long, thin, curved sand-dune spit that separates the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea coast. Its southern portion lies within Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia and its northern within southwestern Lithuania.
  • Słowiński National Park (Poland): The Slovinski National Park is one of 23 national parks and one of 2 sea-side parks in Poland. It was founded first of all to maintain a dune belt of spits with moving dunes, unique in Europe.
  • Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve (Belarus): Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve is a unique natural heritage of Belarus and Europe. It was created in 1925 to preserve the typical and unique natural landscapes sub-deciduous forests of spruce subtaiga, studying them in the natural processes and phenomena, and providing environmental education. Status of a state park was given in 1959, and in the UNESCO list of the 1979 Berezinsky was listed as one of the first biosphere reserve.
  • Belovezhskaya Puscha National Park (Belarus): Belovezhskaya Puscha National Park in Belarus and Puszcza Białowieska in Poland, is an ancient woodland that traddles the border between the two countries, located 70 km (43 mi) north of Brest (Belarus) and 62 km (39 mi) southeast of Białystok (Poland). It is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the immense primeval forest that once stretched across the European Plain.
  • “Pripyatsky” National Park (Belarus): The protected territory in the Pripyat area - the State Landscape Hydrological Reserve - was set up in 1969, and the National Park was established here in 1996.


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