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Heritage Sites:Castles

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Malbork Castle (Poland), one of the castles participating in BASTIS

BASTIS provides information on the follwoing castles within BSR (sorted by country, for a quick overview see the Benchmark Report):

  • Narva Castle (Estonia): Constructed in the 13th century and now home to Narva Museum, museum of history of Narva and its surroundings. The museum's art collection is on display at the Art Gallery.
  • Kuressaare Episcopal Castle (Estonia): Construction started end of 13th century with"Long Hermann" tower. In the beginning of 20th century, the castle was restored for Saaremaa knighthood residence.
  • Häme Castle (Finland): One of Finland´s medieval royal castles. It is believed to have been built at the end of the 13th century, following the crusade by Swedish Earl Birger to Häme region. The castle and its surroundings were in prison use from 1837 to 1972. The main castle is now presented as a historical monument.
  • Castle of Kastelholm (Finland): The castle, which originally was used as a defence stronghold, was founded in the end of the 1300's. The stronghold was then rebuilt at different times until the 1600's when it had become a castle with mainly an administrative function. At the end of the 1600's the castle was left to dilapidate. The castle has now been restored and is open for visitors.
  • Lappeenranta Fortress (Finland): The Fortress of Lappeenranta is a fine Northern example of a European fortified town from the18th century. It was built after the Great Northern War in order to secure the eastern border of Finland after Sweden had lost territories and the border fortresses in south-eastern Finland to Russia.
  • Olavinlinna Castle (Finland): One of Finland´s medieval royal castles. It is believed to have been built at the end of the 13th century, following the crusade by Swedish Earl Birger to Häme region. The castle and its surroundings were in prison use from 1837 to 1972. The main castle is now presented as a historical monument.
  • Bauska Castle (Latvia): Bauska Castle represents an example of military architecture in the period from 15th to 17th century. Its oldest part (Livonia Order Castle) is the only Livonian Order fortress built especially for the use of firearms.
  • Rundāle Palace (Latvia): Rundāle Palace was a Summer Residence of the Duke of Courland, Ernst Johann Biron
  • Turaida Castle (Latvia): Turaida brick castle is the main dominance of Turaida Museum Reserve and its visually most impressive element.
  • Biržai Castle (Lithuania): Biržai bastion castle, built in the 16th and 17th century, is the best remaining example of classical private fortification in Lithuania.
  • Pomeranian Dukes' Castle (Poland):The Pomeranian Dukes' Castle in Szczecin is one of the main centres of cultural life in Western Pomerania. Rebuilt after war destructions it became the seat of administrative and cultural institutions.
  • Malbork Castle (Poland): Malbork is the largest Gothic castle complex, and at the same time the largest brick construction in the world, the true masterpiece of defensive and residential architecture of the late Middle Ages.
  • Skokloster Castle (Sweden): Skokloster Castle was constructed in the years 1654 to 1676 by the Swedish fieldmarshal Count Carl Gustaf Wrangel and is the biggest castle ever built in Sweden.

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