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Heritage Sites:Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve

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Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve
[[File:328 px|328px]]
Country Belarus
Place Belarus
Short Description Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve was established on 30 January 1925 with the aim of protecting and increasing the number of valuable wild animals, beaver and wildfowl.
Visitors {{{Reference Year}}} {{{Visitors }}}
Website http://berezinsky.by/content/en/index.html

85,6 % of the Reserve's total area is covered with forests. Stretching widthwise to make a single tract, they fully reflect the natural qualities of a southern taiga forest. More than half of the forests are coniferous trees, basically spruce and pine. Particularly common here are pine groves with an emerald–like moss carpet and a variety of bilberry, blueberry and heather shrubs. The unique flora and fauna of the Berezinsky Reserve have been preserved thanks to the conservation regime that has been observed at the site for a long time. Having developed in a natural environment, its wildlife has become a real model of European nature. About 800 vascular plant species, 216 moss species, 238 lichen species, 317 water plants and 463 mushroom species are found in the Reserve. Among them are such rare and unique for Europe species as Ladies’ Slipper Orchid, Crisped Lily, Bladder Fern, Red Helleborine. 38 higher vascular plant species have been entered into the Red Data Book of the Republic of Belarus. The Reserve is an ideal habitat for numerous animal species that until recently were widely known in Belarus and are either extinct or exceptionally rare today. The Reserve’s vertebrate animals world is today represented by 56 species of mammals, 230 species of birds, 5 reptiles and 11 amphibia. Rivers and lakes are home for 34 fish species. Among the mammals particularly peculiar are such species as Brown Bear, Lynx, Wolf, Eurasian Otter, Elk, Beaver and European Bison. The bison herd has lived at large in the Reserve since 1974. Wildfowl are the Reserve’s special pride. Up to two dozens of Wood Grouse and three dozens of Black Grouse males may be observed on major leks in spring. Plentiful food has given rise to a vast diversity and considerable populace of birds of prey: Great Grey, Ural and Short-eared Owls, Tengmalm’s Owl, Golden Eagle, White-tailed Sea-Eagle, Greater and Lesser Spotted Eagles. The bird fauna of the natural mires is also very specific where nests of Snipe, Gray and Black Stork, Partridge and Corncrake may be found in close proximity to one another. In spring and autumn thousands of flocks of migrating birds feel at home here with so much food and excellent rest conditions. Today the total number of biological species inhabiting the Berezinsky Reserve surpasses 6,000. Many more species of wildlife are still to be studied by researchers, so the existing list will definitely be extended.

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Contents


About the Heritage Site

  • Country: Belarus
  • Location: In the north of Belarusian Lake District, Dokshitsy and Lepel districts (Vitebsk region), and Borisov district (Minsk region).
  • Type of location: Protects and introduces characteristic to Europa biological diversity and landscapeses of the region. Protects species and their habitats.
  • Experience offered: A perfect way for the Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve guests to get acquainted with the unique natural sites of the nature sanctuary is to take one of several ecological routes, trails and greenways. Permeating nearly all natural complexes of the reserve (forests, marshes, meadows, rivers and lakes), the ecoroutes cater for various categories of visitors and welcome organized groups providing experienced qualified guides. Depending on their length and type of travel, the reserve offers foot and bicycle paths, automobile and water trails. All in all, there are over a dozen ecoroutes in the Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve.
  • The most popular trail of all is the foot path Along the Reserved Forest Path.
  • Cycling enthusiasts will take a bicycle route along the Serguch Canal, which is a part of the Berezinskaya water system.
  • The water route will take tourists along the Berezinskaya water network, namely, Lakes Plavno, Manets, River Buzyanka and a part of the Serguch Canal.
  • The automobile routes provide access to the most unique virgin forests and marshes, reveal the beauty of inimitable pristine ancient mixed woods and mysterious sticky alder forests. Scientists and natural historians are invited to visit scientific stations of the reserve, observe the unusual collared pine and giant oak on the verge of Domzheritskoe swamp, the largest one in the reserve. History enthusiasts are welcome to see memorials to local guerilla warriors and visit the site where Napoleonic troops crossed the river Berezina near the village of Studenka.
  • Educational Tourism
  • Ecological Tourism
  • Hunting Tourism
  • Website: [1]
  • Postal Adress:3 Tsentralnaya str., Domzheritsy village, Lepel District, Vitebsk Region, 211188 Belarus
  • Phone :Head of Tourism Department (Russian speaking) - +375 (0) 2132 26406 :Ecological Tourism Department (Russian speaking) - +375 (0) 2132 26313
e-mail:tourism@berezinsky.by

Accessibility of Heritage Site

  • Opening times:The park’s visitor centre is located in Domzheritsy village
  • Entrance fee:Free of charge
  • How to get there
By car: from bus station "Moskovsky" and bus station "Vostochny" (Minsk)
By train: from railway station (Misnk)

Size/capacities of Heritage Site

  • The surface area of Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve is 855 km?.
  • You can visit Museum of Nature, Center of Ecological Education, Forest Zoo
  • Berezinsky gives you a choice of accommodation for your stay at Hotel Plavno, Hotel Serguch, Guest Houses

References

Facts about Berezinsky Biosphere ReserveRDF feed
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CountryBelarus  +
Heritage Site CategoryNational Park  +
PlaceBelarus  +
Reference Year{{{Reference Year}}}  +
Short DescriptionBerezinsky Biosphere Reserve was established on 30 January 1925 with the aim of protecting and increasing the number of valuable wild animals, beaver and wildfowl.
Visitors 20052,005 }}}  +
Visitors 20062,006 }}}  +
Visitors 20072,007 }}}  +
Visitors 20082,008 }}}  +
Visitors 20092,009 }}}  +
Visitors 20102,010 }}}  +
Websitehttp://berezinsky.by/content/en/index.html  +