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Destination:Germany

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Destination Germany
Reference Year 2011
Overnight Arrivals 141.7 million
Bednights 339.0 million
Length of Stay 2.39 nights
Arrivals Development since 2005 +18%
Bednights Development since 2005 -1.5%
No. of coll. Establishments 53,164 est.
No. of Bedplaces in coll. Est. 3,324,000 beds
Europeans interested in Germany 2012 28.6 million
Tourism Share of GDP (total contribution) 4.6%
Tourism Share of Workforce (total contribution) 4.9%
No. of UNESCO World Heritage Sites 4 sites
NTO Website: www.germany.travel
Statistics Website: www.destatis.de

In Germany 339.0 million overnight stays were made at collective accommodation establishments during the year 2011. Compared to 2010, this means an increase by 4.1%. Most overnight stays at collective accommodation establishments in Germany were made by Germans, 275.9 million overnight stays or 81% during 2011. The number of overnight stays in 2009 made by people living outside Germany were 63.1 million. Netherlands, Switzerland, the USA and the United Kingkom are the largest foreign markets and stand for 38% foreign overnight stays. Asia is the biggest market outside Europe with 6.1 million overnight stays replacing Northern America with 5.2 million overnight stays during the year 2011.

If you are interested in historic data, here you can find the complete BASTIS data for the destination Germany withthe base year 2009: Destination:Germany2009


Contents

Use of Accommodations

Icon Pen.pngSources and Definitions

The main source for Tourism Accommodation and Capacity Statistics in Germany is the Eurostat database[1]. Here the most harmonised and complete European Tourism Statistics can be found. Hence we use definitions according to Eurostat directives:

Hotels and similar Other collective accommodation
9 beds or more

Holiday dwellings = 9 beds or more
Camping sites = 3 pitches or more
Other collective accomodation n.e.s. = 9 beds or more


As additional sources TourMIS[2], destatis [3] and DZT [4] are used complementary with clearly marked references.

Please note that the National German Tourism Statistics data (destatis) are different compared to the data reported in the Eurostat database. This is due to a different classification of accomodations. In addition to the data reported the Eurostat database, the National German Tourism Statistics data also cover Preventive care or rehabilitation centres and Training homes. In the TourMIS database you find the data according to the definitions of destatis.


Icon Arrival.pngArrivals

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arrivals in all collective accommodation establishments 116.4 million 120.6 million 125.2 million 127.7 million 130.8 million 127.6 million 134.5 million 141.7 million
Arrivals development compared to previous year+5.4%+3.6%+3.9%+1.9%+2.4%-2.5%+5.4%+5.4%
  • Arrivals by kind of accommodation 2011:
115.6 million hotels and similar (82%)
7.1 million tourist campsites (5%)
19.0 million other collective accommodation (13%)
  • Domestic/international arrivals 2011:
113.4 million domestic arrivals (80%)
28.3 million international arrivals (20%):
14% Netherlands
8% Switzerland
8% US
7% UK
5% Italy
5% Austria
5% France
4% Denmark
4% Belgium
3% Spain
3% Sweden

Icon Night.pngOvernights

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Overnight stays in all collective accommodation establishments 338.8 million 344.0 million 351.2 million 317.3 million 323.9 million 314.1 million 325.4 million 339.0 million
Overnight stays development compared to previous year+15.6%+1.5%+2.1%-9.7%+2.1%-3.0%+3.6%+4.1%
  • Overnight stays by kind of accommodation 2011:
240.8 million hotels and similar (71%)
25.0 million tourist campsites (7%)
73.2 million other collective accommodation (22%)
  • Domestic/international overnight stays 2011:
275.9 million domestic overnight stays (81%)
63.1 million international overnight stays (19%):
17% Netherlands
7% Switzerland
7% US
7% UK
5% Italy
5% Austria
5% France
4% Belgium
4% Denmark
3% Spain
3% Russia
3% Poland
  • Seasonality overnight stays 2011:
52.6 million Winter [Jan., Feb., Dec.] (16%)
77.6 million Spring [Mar.-May] (23%)
121.6 million Summer [Jun.-Aug.] (36%)
87.3 million Autumn [Sep.-Nov.] (25%)
  • Regional distribution of overnight stays 2011:
Germany Länder.png
NUTS-Code Overnight stays 2011 Market share
Baden-WürttembergDE137.8 million11%
BayernDE270.8 million21%
BerlinDE322.2 million7%
BrandenburgDE49.2 million3%
BremenDE51.9 million1%
HamburgDE69.5 million3%
HessenDE723.5 million7%
Mecklenburg-VorpommernDE824.7 million7%
NiedersachsenDE934.0 million10%
Nordrhein-WestfalenDEA35.5 million10%
Rheinland-PfalzDEB18.6 million5%
SaarlandDEC1.5 million1%
SachsenDED14.7 million4%
Sachsen-AnhaltDEE6.1 million2%
Schleswig-HolsteinDEF21.3 million6%
ThüringenDEG7.4 million2%
Eurostat collects and publishes statistical data on different geographical levels according to the "Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, NUTS". Here the regional distribution of overnight stays in collective tourism establishments on the NUTS 1 level are shown. Geographically more detailed data is published by Eurostat and by Statistische Ämter der Länder.
  • Special characteristics in the National German Tourism Statistics
As described in the Definition-chapter, the national Germanclassification of use of accommodations includes Preventive care or rehabilitation centres and Training homes. These forms of accommodation accounted for 55 million overnight stays in 2011.
Tourmis-logo.png For your convenience here you find a detailed tabulation on the development of overnight stays in Germany from the TourMIS database. And here you can find the corresponding graph.
Tourmis-logo.png For your convenience here you find a detailed tabulation on the source markets of overnight stays in Germany from the TourMIS database.
Tourmis-logo.png For your convenience here you find a detailed tabulation on the seasonality of overnight stays in Germany from the TourMIS database. Here you find the corresponding graph.
More detailed data can be found at destatis

Icon Length.pngLength of stay

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Average length of stay in all collective accommodation establishments 2.91 nights 2.85 nights 2.80 nights 2.49 nights 2.48 nights 2.46 nights 2.42 nights 2.39 nights
  • Average length of stay by kind of accommodation 2011:
2.08 nights hotels and similar
3.50 nights tourist campsites
3.85 nights other collective accommodation
  • Average length of stay by domestic/international travellers 2011:
2.43 nights domestic travellers
2.30 nights international travellers

Accommodation Capacities

Icon Establishments.pngNumber of collective tourism establishments

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Number of all collective accommodation establishments 55,278 est. 55,331 est. 54,797 est. 53,758 est. 53,959 est. 53,179 est. 53,532 est. 53,164 est.
Capacity development (establishments) compared to previous year+0.3%+0.1%-1.0%-1.9%+0.4%-1.4%+0.7%-0.7%
  • Number of collective tourism establishments by kind of accommodation 2011:
35,579 hotels and similar establishments (67%)
3,027 tourist campsites (6%)
14,558 other collective accommodation (27%)

Icon Bed.pngBedplaces in collective tourism establishments

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Number of bedplaces in all collective accommodation establishments 3,292,000 beds 3,327,000 beds 3,329,000 beds 3,210,000 beds 3,271,000 beds 3,231,000 beds 3,287,000 beds 3,324,000 beds
Capacitiy development (beds) compared to previous year+5.4%+1.0%+0.1%-3.6%+1.9%-1.2%+1.7%+1.1%
  • Number of bedplaces in collective tourism establishments by kind of accommodation 2011:
1,749,000 bedplaces in hotels and similar (53%)
888,000 bedplaces in tourist campsites (27%)
687,000 bedplaces in other collective accommodation (20%)
  • Regional distribution of tourism capacities (beds) 2009:
Germany Länder.png
NUTS-Code Tourism capacities 2009 Market share
Baden-WürttembergDE1360,000 bedplaces11%
BayernDE2662,000 bedplaces20%
BerlinDE3125,000 bedplaces4%
BrandenburgDE4120,000 bedplaces4%
BremenDE513,000 bedplaces0.4%
HamburgDE649,000 bedplaces2%
HessenDE7227,000 bedplaces7%
Mecklenburg-VorpommernDE8280,000 bedplaces8%
NiedersachsenDE9367,000 bedplaces11%
Nordrhein-WestfalenDEA319,000 bedplaces10%
Rheinland-PfalzDEB231,000 bedplaces7%
SaarlandDEC18,000 bedplaces0.5%
SachsenDED139,000 bedplaces4%
Sachsen-AnhaltDEE71,000 bedplaces2%
Schleswig-HolsteinDEF246,000 bedplaces7%
ThüringenDEG100,000 bedplaces3%
Eurostat collects and publishes statistical data on different geographical levels according to the "Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, NUTS". Here the tourism capacities in bedplaces in collective tourism establishments on the NUTS 1 level are shown. Geographically more detailed data is published by Eurostat and by Statistische Ämter der Länder.

Icon Size.png Average size of collective tourism establishments

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Average number of bedplaces per collective accommodation establishments 60 beds 60 beds 61 beds 60 beds 61 beds 61 beds 61 beds 63 beds
  • Average size of collective tourism establishments by kind of accommodation 2011:
hotels and similar: 49 bedplaces
tourist campsites: 293 bedplaces
other collective accommodation: 47 bedplaces

Utilisation of bedplaces (hotels and similar)

2011 Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Net use of bedplaces26%30% 32%36%41% 45%46%47%48%43%34%27%
Gross use of bedplaces26%30% 32%36%41%45%46%47%48%43%34%30%

Please note: Neither Eurostat nor other sources provide more detailed data on the utilisation of bedplaces.

Holiday travellers 2011 to Germany

Based on the Flash Eurobarometer 334 [5] of March 2012 we can identify the holiday travellers to Germany 2011 of the 408 million citizens aged 15+ years in the 27 EU member states (EU27).

Flag of Germany.pngGermany as holiday destination 2011

8% (32.6 million) of all EU27 citizens have travelled to Germany for a minimum of 4 nights in 2011. These 32.6 million persons live in the following source markets:

63% Germany
6% Poland
5% Netherlands
4% UK
3% France
2% Spain
2% Italy
2% Romania
2% Denmark
2% Austria

Icon Tree.pngNature holiday: Holiday travellers 2011 to Germany

  • The Flash Eurobarometer 334 identifies 18% (44 million) of all EU27 citizens whose main reason for going on a holiday in 2011 was "nature (mountain, lake, landscape etc.)":
17% (7.5 million) of the EU27 nature motivated travelled to Germany for a minimum of 4 nights in 2011. Upside down this means: For 23% of the 32.6 million EU27 citizens who travelled to Germany in 2011 the main reason for going on holidays in 2011 was "nature (mountain, lake, landscape etc)." [EU27: 18%]

Icon Castle.pngCultural holiday: Holiday travellers 2011 to Germany

  • The Flash Eurobarometer 334 identifies 14% (34 million) of all EU27 citizens whose main reasons for going on holidays in 2011 was "culture/religion":
17% (5.8 million) of the EU27 culture/religion motivated travelled to Germany for a minimum of 4 nights in 2011. Upside down this means: For 19% of the 32.6 million EU27 citizens who travelled to Germany in 2011 the main reason for going on holidays in 2011 was "culture/religion" [EU27: 14%]

Interest in Germany as a Holiday destination

Based on the Flash Eurobarometer 334 [5] of March 2012 we can identify the interest for their holiday destinations 2012 of the 408 million citizens aged 15+ years in the 27 EU member states (EU27).

7% (28.6 million) of all EU27 citizens are interested in Germany as their holiday destination 2012. These 28.6 million persons live in the following source markets:

70% Germany
4% Netherlands
3% UK
3% Italia
3% Poland
2% Spain
2% France
2% Romania
1% Austria
1% Sweden
1% Belgium

The economic dimension of travel and tourism

GDP: DIRECT CONTRIBUTION
The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP was EUR 41.9 bn (1.6% of total GDP) in 2011, and is forecast to fall by 0.0% in 2012, and to rise by 1.4% pa, from 2012-2022, to EUR 48.3 bn in 2022 (in constant 2011 prices).

GDP: TOTAL CONTRIBUTION
The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP was EUR 117.6 bn (4.6% of GDP) in 2011, and is forecast to fall by 1.8% in 2012, and to rise by 1.0% pa to EUR 127.1 bn in 2022.

EMPLOYMENT: DIRECT CONTRIBUTION
In 2011 Travel & Tourism directly supported 731,000 jobs (1.8% of total employment). This is expected to fall by 1.1% in 2012 and fall by 0.2% pa to 709,000 jobs (1.7% of total employment) in 2022.

EMPLOYMENT: TOTAL CONTRIBUTION
In 2011, the total contribution of Travel & Tourism to employment, including jobs indirectly supported by the industry, was 4.9% of total employment (2,002,000 jobs). This is expected to fall by 2.9% in 2012 to 1,944,000 jobs and fall by 0.6% pa to 1,833,000 jobs in 2022 (4.5% of total).

VISITOR EXPORTS
Visitor exports generated EUR 34.8 bn (2.7% of total exports) in 2011. This is forecast to fall by 2.4% in 2012, and grow by 2.3% pa, from 2012-2022, to EUR 42.6 bn in 2022 (2.0% of total).

INVESTMENT
Travel & Tourism investment in 2011 was EUR 19.2 bn, or 4.1% of total investment. It should rise by 1.8% in 2012, and rise by 3.5% pa over the next ten years to EUR 27.7 bn in 2022 (4.4% of total).

Source: World Travel & Tourism Council - Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2012 [6]

Heritage attractions

Unesco banner.pngUNESCO World Heritage Sites

At the moment (2012), there are 37 German heritage sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List. 2 of the cultural and 2 of the natual World Heritag Sites are situated in the Baltic Sea Region:

The remaining World Heritage Sites are situated outside the BSR.
Click here to access the official UNESCO website for Germany.

BASTIS Logo.jpgBASTIS Heritage Sites

At the moment (Dec. 2012), the users of BASTIS have entered 2 German heritage attractions into BASTIS:

Please be aware that all this information (number and selection of attractions, content of the profiles) is solely in the resposibility of the authors who contributed this information to BASTIS.

Miscellaneous

References

  1. Eurostat database 2011 [1]
  2. TourMIS database 2011 [2]
  3. Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland [3]
  4. Deutsche Zentrale für Tourismus [4]
  5. 5.0 5.1 European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 334, March 2012: Survey on the attitudes of Europeans towards tourism [5]
  6. World Travel & Tourism Council - Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2012 [6]